A PMA (Penanaman Modal Asing) company, also known as a Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) company, is a type of limited liability company in Indonesia that includes foreign shareholding. This legal entity allows foreign investors to conduct business in Indonesia, generate income, and own assets.

Key Features of a PMA Company:

  • Foreign Ownership: A PMA company can be partially or wholly owned by foreign nationals or foreign entities. The percentage of foreign ownership allowed depends on the sector and is governed by the Negative Investment List (DNI), which specifies sectors that are open to foreign investment and those that have restrictions.
  • Business Activities: PMA companies are established based on a defined business activity that requires approval from the Indonesian Investment Coordination Board (BKPM). They can engage in various business activities, provided they comply with Indonesian laws and regulations.
  • Regulatory Compliance: PMA companies must obtain all necessary licenses and permits to operate. This includes the Investment Permit, Company Registration (TDP), Tax Identification Number (NPWP), and others depending on the business sector.
  • Capital Requirements: There are minimum capital requirements for establishing a PMA company, which ensure that the company has sufficient financial resources to carry out its business operations.

Benefits of Establishing a PMA Company:

  • Market Access: Establishing a PMA company allows foreign investors to access and operate directly in the Indonesian market, providing more control over their operations.
  • Legal Protection: As a legally recognized entity, a PMA company offers foreign investors protection under Indonesian law, which includes rights to engage in legal contracts, acquire assets, and other business-related activities.
  • Sponsorship of Foreign Workers: PMA companies can sponsor work permits (KITAS) for foreign employees, facilitating the employment of foreign expertise.


  • Compliance: PMA companies must adhere to all Indonesian business regulations, including tax obligations, employment laws, and annual reporting.
  • Local Partnerships: Depending on the business sector, foreign investors may need to form joint ventures with Indonesian partners to comply with the DNI.

For detailed assistance and guidance on setting up a PMA company, including navigating the investment approval process and understanding sector-specific requirements, you can refer to services provided by Okusi Associates. They offer comprehensive support for establishing and managing PMA companies in Indonesia.

What is a PMA Company?
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